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Footnotes

  1. The French Colonial army formed in 1857 composed of black African soldiers recruited from French West African territories, including Senegal.
  2. Janet Vaillant, Black, French, and African: A Life of Léopold Sédar Senghor (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1990), p. 167.
  3. Ibid, p. 167.
  4. Jacques Louis Hymans, Léopold Sédar Senghor (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1971), p. 111.
  5. Vaillant, Life of Léopold Senghor, p. 171.
  6. Ibid, p. 175.
  7. Léopold Senghor, quoted in Hymans, Léopold Senghor, p. 71.
  8. Vaillant, Life of Léopold Senghor, p. 176.
  9. Ibid, p. 173.
  10. Ibid, p. 173.
  11. Léopold Sédar Senghor, "Hosties Noires," The Poetry of Léopold Sédar Senghor, ed. S. Okechukwu Mezu (London: Heinemann, 1973), pp. 42–43, "Tyaroye", line 1.
  12. Ibid, lines 4–5.
  13. Ibid, lines 14–15.
  14. Hymans, Léopold Sédar Senghor, p. 156.
  15. Vaillant, Life of Léopold Senghor, p. 202.
  16. Ibid, pp. 202–203.
  17. Ibid, p. 203.
  18. Ibid, p. 205.
  19. Ibid, p. 204.
  20. Ibid, p. 206.
  21. Léopold Sédar Senghor, quoted in Janet Vaillant, Black, French, and African: A Life of Léopold Sédar Senghor (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1990), p. 207.
  22. Ibid, p. 232.
  23. Ibid, p. 290.
  24. Ibid, p. 290.
  25. Ibid, p. 292.
  26. Hymans, Leéopold Seédar Senghor, p. 172.
  27. Vaillant, Life of Léopold Senghor, p. 295.
  28. Ibid, pp. 294–295.
  29. Sekou Touré, quoted in Valliant, p. 293.
  30. Hymans, L´opold Sédar Senghor, p. 174
  31. Valliant, Life of Léopold Senghor, p. 296.
  32. Charles de Gaulle, quoted in Valliant, p. 297.
  33. Ibid, p. 299.
  34. Hymans, Léopold Seédar Senghor, p. 109.
  35. Ibid, p. 116.
  36. Ibid, p. 143.