University of Central Florida Undergraduate Research Journal - Volume 9, Issue 1
US tab

Volume 9, Issue 1

The Impact of Crown Conch on Intertidal Oyster Populations in Mosquito Lagoon

By: Casey Craig, Courtney Buck, Chelsea Landau, and Jordan Filipponi| Mentor: Dr. Linda Walters
Winner of the 2017 UCF Library's Award for Excellence in Undergraduate Research

The Impact of Crown Conch on Intertidal Oyster Populations in Mosquito Lagoon Commercial oyster harvesters in Florida have long complained that the Florida crown conch Melongena corona is in competition with them for harvestable-sized eastern oysters (Crassostrea virginica). Harvesters also suggest that crown conch, rather than overharvesting, has led to a large decline in oyster populations. To determine the role of M. corona on oysters in Mosquito Lagoon, we must first better understand the biology and ecology of M. corona., and to comprehend crown conch biology in Mosquito Lagoon along the east coast of central Florida, we conducted a three-part experiment in the Canaveral National Seashore (northern Mosquito Lagoon). Read more

Preventing Introductions to Sustain Healthy Ecosystems: Establish Eradication Protocols for a Popular Aquarium Seaweed

By: Julie Deslauriers| Mentor: Dr. Linda Walters

Preventing Introducations to Sustain Healthy Ecosystems: Establish Eradication Protocols for a Popular Aquarium Seaweed Aquarium release, a vector that introduces non-native species, recently caused the costly invasion of the green macroalga (seaweed) Caulerpa taxifolia along the Californian, Mediterranean, and Australian coasts. C. taxifolia was classified by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature as one of the world's 100 worst invasive species and cost California over $7 million to control with black tarps and chlorine bleach. Since the incident, educational efforts at conferences and conventions have influenced more than 50% of surveyed hobbyists to switch to another green macroalga, Chaetomorpha, as their primary alga in their saltwater tanks. Read more

The Legacy of African Veterans of World War II and Their Role in the Independence Movements of the Mid–Century

By: Matthew Patsis| Mentor: Dr. Ezekiel Walker

width=Throughout the First and Second World Wars, armies of African soldiers were used by their colonial rulers to fight in defense of European interests, while being relegated to colonial status and making very little progress toward gaining independence of their own. The purpose of this article is to determine what role colonial African veterans of World War II had in independence movements in Senegal in the era of decolonization. In particular, this essay will explain and analyze Leopold Senghor, the first president of independent Senegal, and the profound impact he had as a veteran of WWII and the Tirailleurs Sénégalais (Senegalese Skirmishers) on independence movements in French West Africa. Read more

Social Behavior in a Herd of Captive Male Giraffes

By: Patrick Ziarnowski and Kaidi Fenrich | Mentor: Frank Logiudice

width=Giraffes (Giraffa spp.) are a common feature of zoological institutions, where conditions differ from those of the wild, a reality that may cause behavioral changes. A recent management technique has been to house all-male herds in zoos that have not been selected for giraffe breeding, with breeding confined to certain zoos. To date, no studies have looked at social behavior in captive herds comprised exclusively of males.
Read more

Analysis of the Pathomechanism and Treatment of Migraines Related to the Role of the Neuropeptide CGRP

By: Marvi Qureshi | Mentor: Dr. Mohtashem Samsam

width=Migraines are a type of headache that specifically act on only one side of the head, although about 30% of patients with migraines may experience a bilateral headache. Migraines are brain disorders that typically involve issues of sensory processing taking place in the brainstem. Possible causation has been linked to blood vessels, blood flow, and oxygen levels in the brain. Migraines can be described in three phases, all of which have a common neuropeptide known as the calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP). Read more

Perception of Facial Expressions in Social Anxiety and Gaze Anxiety

By: Aaron Necaise | Mentor: Dr. Sandra Neer
Winner of the 2018 UCF Library's Award for Excellence in Undergraduate Research

width= This study explores the relationship between gaze anxiety and the perception of facial expressions. The literature suggests that individuals experiencing Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) might have a fear of making direct eye contact, and that these individuals also demonstrate a hypervigilance towards the eye region. Some have suggested that this increased anxiety concerning eye contact might be related to the tendency of socially anxious individuals to mislabel emotion in the faces of onlookers. An improved understanding of the cognitive biases associated with SAD could lead to more efficient intervention and assessment methods. Read more