University of Central Florida Undergraduate Research Journal - A Practicality Analysis Pertaining to Minimally <br/> Invasive Robot-Assisted Urologic Surgery
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Literature Search Strategy

We screened appropriate literature from provided abstracts. The search strategy for relevant literature included the following: Ovid Medline (1950 to present), CINAHL (1982 to present), PsycInfo (1806 to present), All EBM Reviews, Ovid Healthstar (1966 to present), ERIC, PubMed, and Google Scholar (2011-2012). Further, we conducted ancestry and gray literature searches to ensure full capture of relevant research. The gray literature searches were confined to conferences and dissertation research concerning the da Vinci® procedure. All databases except for PubMed, Google Scholar, and ERIC use OVID Gateway. PubMed and Google Scholar use their own searching catalogs while ERIC employs EBSCOhost. Keyword search phrases included: robotic surgery, da Vinci® robot, robotic urology, prostatectomy, pyeloplasty, nephrectomy, video assisted laparoscopic/robotic/robot-assisted. This process yielded a total of 717 search results displaying relevant information (Table 1). Of these 717 results, over half were immediately screened out due to failure to meet some or all of our primary criteria, which included the following characteristics: study design, operative time, length of hospital stay, cost, and estimated blood loss. After initial screening, the results were reviewed further. Observational and comparative studies were utilized when compiling the data; however, only sufficiently large samples were considered. Finally, the information was further narrowed down to large meta-analyses and comprehensive literature reviews. Comparative meta-analyses were included in the study whenever possible and therefore compose the bulk of the results. Case series reporting exclusively on robotic methods or laparoscopic/open methods were included if no other substantial comparative literature existed within the search results. In total, nine articles containing analyses from 91 separate studies were used to construct our results.

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