University of Central Florida Undergraduate Research Journal - A Practicality Analysis Pertaining to Minimally <br/> Invasive Robot-Assisted Urologic Surgery
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Considering the dynamic climate of the United States healthcare market, return on investment is increasingly important for hospitals and healthcare professionals. Successful outcomes have become progressively more difficult to define, and the issue of medical procedures and their inherent practicality seems to have been clouded somewhere along the line. The recent introduction of robotic surgery, especially within the field of urology, has generated much debate regarding the cost versus benefit of these newfound techniques. Considering the costs associated with the da Vinci®, we found it essential to add to the discourse a preliminary practicality analysis for three separate robotic urology procedures. The purpose of this paper is to assess the practicality of performing three distinct urologic procedures--radical prostatectomy, pyeloplasty, and partial nephrectomy--using the da Vinci® surgical system. Our goals are to determine if the robotic approach is a more practical method of surgery for each procedure when compared to the current "gold standard" method of traditional laparoscopy and to give recommendations to the field based on the results.

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