University of Central Florida Undergraduate Research Journal - A Practicality Analysis Pertaining to Minimally <br/> Invasive Robot-Assisted Urologic Surgery
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Future Directions

The da Vinci®'s greatest strength is its versatility, a fact displayed by its use in many different medical specialties. Although well known for its utilization in urology and gynecology, the da Vinci® robot sparked tremendous advancements in other fields, such as cardiothoracic surgery. One of the crowning accomplishments of the da Vinci® system is that it allows the performing of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery on a closed chest with a beating heart,45 a feat considered inconceivable only a few years ago. Further advancements for the future of robotic surgery include the utilization of remote telesurgery in which the surgeon and patient can be thousands of miles apart. Although current application of such technology is not yet mainstream, the first telesurgery procedure was performed in 2001, on a patient in France via a surgeon in New York.46 Possibly the most futuristic yet controversial technology is that of automated computer surgery. 10 Such robots could provide the possibility of "error free" surgery and would further solidify a niche for robotic surgery. While such ideas seem futuristic, they are within reach given current technologies. The future of robotic surgery seems promising, with fields such as urology continuing to develop and improve the technology and techniques. While it is unlikely that robotic surgery will ever completely replace open surgery or even traditional laparoscopy, it is likely that the technique will see increased utilization as patients seek the most minimally invasive and technologically advanced methods. Overall, we have just scratched the surface of robotic surgery and in the future, these techniques should provide the chance for incredible innovation within the field of medicine.

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