University of Central Florida Undergraduate Research Journal - Multiple Complications from a Finger Fracture in a Basketball Player
US tab


Loneliness Scale

The Loneliness Scale (LS) is a self-report measure that assesses social withdrawal, feelings of loneliness, and satisfaction of peer relationships in children (Asher & Wheeler 1985). The greater the total score, the lonelier the child is perceived to be. This score was used to compare and evaluate loneliness between the two diagnostic groups.

The Child Behavior Checklist

The Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) is used to evaluate social competence and behavioral problems in children as reported by their parents (Achenbach, 1991). The scale consists of three broad-band scales: (a) externalizing behaviors (e.g., "demands a lot of attention"), (b) internalizing behaviors (e.g., "fears he/she might think or do something bad"), and (c) overall behavioral tendencies. Broad-band scales consist of several narrowband scales. The withdrawn/depressed narrow-band scale of the internalizing behaviors scale was used to obtain a parental report of social withdrawal/isolation in their children. Scores on the CBCL were used to gauge social functioning between the two diagnostic groups.

The Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory for Children – Parent Version

The Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory for Children – Parent Version (SPAI–C PV) is another questionnaire used to assess anxiety and social phobia in children (Higa, Fernandez, Nakamura, Chorpita, & Daleiden 2006). The total score was used to evaluate anxiety in children from the perspective of their parents.

Results >>