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Social Class Justifications:
The Capitalist Conspiracy?

By: Wendi Kane
Mentor: James Wright

Data Analysis Strategy

To test the hypotheses, a variety of statistical analyses were used, including cross-tabulations and multivariate logistic regression analysis.  For the independent variables of gender, race, and social class (which are indicators for privilege), cross-tabulations were run individually against belief in the ideology of individualism; individual talent or hard work as a predictor of future economic success.  This cross-tabulation tests hypotheses 1, 2, and 3. 

Another analysis that tests hypotheses 1, 2, and 3 is a multivariate test.  The dependent variable, measuring the belief in the ideology of individualism, was recoded into 2 dummy categories; one category that includes only individual talent or hard work and the other category that combines family background, who you know, and social class.  These data were run with the independent variable gender, controlling for race and social class in the analysis.

To test hypotheses 4, 5, and 6, which look at exposure to the lower class and the belief in stereotypes, myths, and ideologies associated with the lower class, a cross-tabulation was run on each individual response to exposure.  For instance, if the respondent checked that she/he were a member of the lower class (highly exposed), a cross-tabulation was conducted with each stereotype, myth, and ideology separately to gauge if the respondent were more or less likely to embrace stereotypical beliefs. 

Results >>