University of Central Florida Undergraduate Research Journal - Gender Disparities in Depression in Elderly Puerto Ricans
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Gender Disparities in Depression in Elderly
Puerto Ricans

By: Arnaldo Perez-Negron | Mentor: Dr. Fernando Rivera

Results

To assess depression differences in the relationship between the proposed risk factors and gender, linear regression analyses were run for elderly men and women separately. The data obtained show that elderly women in Puerto Rico have higher levels of depression at 31% versus men at 22%. However, the mean GDS score of both genders appear to be below those levels, indicating mild levels of depression at 3.33. The descriptive statistics demonstrate that the mean grade achieved at school was almost eighth grade; at least half of the elderly population had difficulty paying for daily necessities, and half reported having hypertension. Table 2 shows that for women, higher levels of educational attainment are associated with lower levels of depression. However, saying Yes to having difficulty paying for daily necessities and having experienced a myocardial infarction or experienced a stroke are associated with higher levels of depression. Table 3 shows similar results for men, although experiencing a stroke did not appear to have a significant effect. Based on the results, the biggest difference between men and women is their initial score on the GDS.

Table 1. Descriptive Statistics

Table 2. Coefficients of Elderly Female Population

Table 3. Coefficients of Elderly Male Population

Discussion >>